Welcome to my blog......

The purpose of this blog is to remember the fallen heroes of the Great War, whose names are recorded on the memorial plaque situated in St Barnabas Church, New Whittington, Chesterfield.

To mark the centenary of World War 1 I aim to research all of the men on the memorial. I hope to ensure that the brave men who gave their lives for their country 100 years ago are remembered and each man's story told.

I would love to hear from anyone who may have information regarding the men; photos, letters or passed down memories. Any descendents are most welcome to contact me and I will provide copies of the research that I have undertaken.

"They shall not grow old, as we that are left to grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning,
We will remember them"

For The Fallen,
Laurence Binyon September 1914.

Sunday, 31 July 2016

WILFRED KIRK

WILFRED CECIL KIRK



Private 13/555

13th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment 

Died of wounds - 31st July 1916


Wilfred Cecil Kirk was the son of Samuel and Caroline Kirk.  He was born in New Whittington and baptised there on 11th May 1894.  Wilfred had four brothers, however there had also been another child born to Samuel and Caroline which had not survived.

Samuel was a local lad to New Whittington, he met and married Caroline Gregory from the neighbouring village of Newbold in the winter of 1891/2.  Their first son was born, named after his father Samuel in later in 1892.  The couple lived in New Whittington for the early days of their marriage, Horace was born there in 1897.  

By the census of 1901 the family had moved to Barnsley, they lived at 60 Cooper Street and Samuel was employed as an iron moulder.  A 1 year old son named Harry was the newest addition to the family, he had been born in Worsborough.  Joseph followed in 1903 born at Lincoln. 

1911....

On the 1911 census the Kirk family were all at home together, they now lived at 9 Eveline Street in Cudworth, Barnsley.  Samuel was still employed as an iron moulder, his sons Samuel, Wilfred and Horace had all found employment as coal miners.  Young Harry and Joseph were still attending school.




Wedding bells....

Wilfred met a young lady named Lydia Mabel Lobb.  Lydia was the daughter of William and Harriett.  She was a few years older than Wilfred being born on 21st February 1891.  Lydia had been born in Brisbane, Australia.  Her father William was a bricklayer, he may well have travelled to work in Australia.  He married Lydia's mother Harriett on 4th March 1890 in Queensland.  Lydia had returned to England by 1896 when her sister Joyce was born in Cudworth.  

Wilfred and Lydia married on 28th October 1912, a happy occasion which Wilfred would be able to remember when he was fighting for King and Country.  

A son was born to newly wed couple late 1912/early months of 1913. He was named after his Uncle; Horace.  Sadly this child died very soon after his birth.  (note, I have not purchased the registration certificates to confirm this fact).

Samuel, Wilfred's elder brother was next to marry.  His fiancee was Mary Guest and they made their vows at St John the Baptist Church in Cudworth on 25th August 1913.

Wilfred's war....

Wilfred's service records have survived and although they are not very clear in places they are very informative.  Wilfred enlisted at Barnsley on 22nd September 1914, at that time he lived at 11 Well Street in Cudworth with his new wife Lydia.  He was employed as a coal miner at Houghton Main Colliery before the war.

Wilfred was given a soldiers number; 13/555 the number 13 meaning that his Battalion was the 13th Battalion, serving with the Yorkshire and Lancashire Regiment.  The 13th Battalion was a service battalion, it was formed on 17th September 1914, just days before Wilfred had enlisted.  The 13th was a "Pals" regiment, local men were encouraged to join up with their friends, family and work colleagues.  This would, it was thought lead to a more productive and happy group of soldiers. The 13th were thus known as the Barnsley Pals.

Wilfred and his friends marched around the country and undertook their basic training.  In December 1914 they moved to Silkstone where they remained until May 1915 when they spent two months at the Penkridge Camp at Cannock Chase.  In December 1915 the men were moved on to Salisbury Plain, from there they set sail for Egypt.

The 13th were part of the 31st Division whose job was to guard the Suez Canal.  The Suez Canal had been attacked earlier in 1915, it was a major trade route for the British which needed to be kept under our control and so was heavily guarded.  In December of 1915 a new strategy was adopted which meant that the canal would be guarded from a short distance away, which was hoped would ensure that our troops would not be such easy targets for the Turkish gun fire.  The railways around the area were also doubled using local men to build these new lines.

March 1916 saw the Barnsley Pals join the British Expeditionary Force (B.E.F) in France.  They left their camp in Kantara at 6.30am and marched to the train station where they entrained for Port Said at 8.30am arriving two hours later.   At 7.30pm on 11th March Wilfred sailed out of Port Said harbour on the H.M.T Megantic destined for Marseilles.  They eventually arrived at the port of Marseilles at 9am on 16th March but were anchored off shore and remained on the ship awaiting further instructions. 



Entry to the French theatre of war....

The men were disembarked on 18th March and took a train to Pont Remy from where they marched onward to various destinations over the coming weeks.  Their time was spent assisting with mining duties and they often subjected to enemy fire.  On 6th April at Mailly Mallett the battalion were heavily shelled for 90 minutes, which included gas shells also.  Two men were wounded on this day.

They remained based at Mailly Mallett until 23rd June 1916 when the battalion moved out to Warnimont Wood.  The war diary notes "23rd to 29th daily routine and practising attack formations".  The strength of the battalion at that time was 38 Officers, 1003 Other Ranks.  

Attack on Serre....

On 30th June most of the battalion set of to their assembly trenches just west of the town of Serre.  They left behind 10 Officers and 174 other ranks as reinforcements.  Wilfred and his comrades were ready in their allotted assembly trenches by 5am on 1st July 1916.  At 7.30am "attack on Germans and village of Serre commenced".  Wilfred was with "B" Company which left the trenches at 7.40am under the command of Major Guest.  The war diary tells "the advance was carried out in perfect order under a terrific hostile artillery bombardment and machine gun fire.  Major Guest and all his officers as well as those of the "chasing party" being killed or wounded before reaching the first German line".

The men of the "B" Company carried out their duty with bravery, "although this advance had to be carried out under a perfect tornado of fire all the ranks advanced as steadily as if on a drill parade".  We can be proud of the bravery which Wilfred and his Barnsley Pals showed in huge amounts on that first day of the Battle of the Somme.  The night of the 1st July was spent "in collecting wounded and dead within our line and from NO MANS LAND"  "C Company did splendid work in rescuing wounded from NO MANS LAND under continual fire".

Wilfred was wounded on 1st July 1916, that first day of the Somme offensive, he received a gun shot wound to the chest.  He was taken to the field hospital for immediate medical care.  We can only begin to imagine how many other wounded men were also at that field hospital over the coming days and weeks.  Wilfred would be one of thousands of men needing treatment at that time.  

By 20th July 1916 he was transferred to No2 Stationary Hospital where he sadly died of his wounds on 31st July 1916.  Wilfred was buried at Abbeville Cemetery and given full military honours at his funeral on 2nd August 1916.

The war diary for the 13th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment gives the following figures for the date of 1st July and the time in the trenches on 2nd, 3rd and 4th July;


"Officers - Killed 6, wounded 6
Other ranks - Killed 40, wounded 183, missing 51
Total number of casualties = 286"




Private 13/555 Wilfred Kirk is buried at the Abbeville Communal Cemetery, Somme, France.  His grave reference is Vi F.8.  His grave shows the sign of the cross with no further inscriptions from the family.





Wilfred was awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal for his service.

Wilfred's obituary was written in the Barnsley Chronicle 12th August 1916.  The obituary tells how Lydia received letters of condolence....


"The Sister wrote; "Your husband had a severe 
hemorrhage from the chest; he gradually sank
and passed peacefully away. I know that it 
will be a terrible blow to you and his mother
for he often spoke of you both to me"

The Chaplain (Rev E Milner-White) forwarded
the following; "Dear Madam, - By now you will have 
heard the sad news of your husband's death in hospital
from wounds.  Despite the short time here, I knew him
well and the suddenness of it was a great shock.

He was buried in the lovely cemetery of Abbeville, 
with full military honours and a church service.  
How tenderly cared for are the graves you will 
see by the photo.  If you wish, I can send, in 
two months time or so, a photo of the actual grave
and the cross already standing.  The French folk
covered the grave with flowers"

Life went on....

Lydia Mabel moved to 19 Bridge Street when Wilfred went off to war. She would mourn her loss along with her many friends and family around her. The nursing Sister who was nursing Wilfred and the Reverend who also grew to know Wilfred during his time at No2 Stationary Hospital in France both wrote personal letters to Lydia telling her of his time in the hospital, his death and his burial.  She would received her late husbands belongings and medals through the post in the years after his death.

Happy times did return for Lydia when on 26th February 1917 she married Charles Watson at St John the Baptist Church in Cudworth. Charles was a boiler fireman aged 34 years old, he had not been married before.

Lydia and Charles went on to have six children; William, Annie, Ada, Eveline, Mary and Eunice.  In 1939 they were living with their daughters Eunice, Annie and her husband Joseph Vamplew.  

Lydia died in 1970 aged 79 years of age.  She was buried at St John the Baptist Church in Cudworth on 14th April 1970.

Samuel & Caroline Kirk what became of Wilfred's parents has been difficult to ascertain.  Caroline may have returned to Barrow Hill with her sons; Horace, Harry and Joseph shortly after WW1.  The deaths for both Samuel and Caroline are not known but Caroline may have died in 1928, registered in the Chesterfield area.  

Samuel Kirk was serving with the Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry during WW1.  He was wounded prior to Wilfred's death and was transferred back to England to receive medical care at Lord Derby's War Hospital in Warrington.

After the war he returned to Barnsley and in 1939 he was living with his wife Mary at 17 Albion Terrace. He may have died in 1964 aged 72 years old.

Horace Kirk also took part in the Great War.  He enlisted on 6th October 1914 aged 19 years and 4 days old. He was described as having "blue eyes, fair complexion and auburn hair". He was attached to the machine gun section of the York and Lancaster Regiment, the 13th Barnsley Battalion.  

Horace, Private 547 was sent to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force on 28th December 1915 where he remained until moving to France on 11th March 1916.  He did well and was promoted to Acting Lance Corporal on 1st December 1916 until 8th July 1917 when he was moved on to work at the Depot.  

The horrors of war did take their toll on Horace and he went absent without leave for 3 days in March 1918. His service records record "Shell shock, caused by active service".

Horace's conduct was also noted on the records as "Character very good".

After the war Horace returned to civilian life and lived for a brief time back near Chesterfield at 10 Furnace Hill, Barrow Hill.  On 22nd May 1920 Horace tied the knot with Hilda Quinton.  Hilda and Horace lived next door to each other at 19 and 21 Albion Terrace, Cudworth.  Their marriage took place at St Peters Church in Barnsley.

Horace died in 1945 aged 48 years of age.

Harry Kirk & Joseph Kirk  what became of Wilfred's two youngest brothers is not known at this time.  If any one is related to these two men and would like to add to this blog then please contact me.

CUDWORTH, BARNSLEY....


Cudworth War Memorial
kind permission of Linda Hutton
Cudworth War Memorial
kind permission of Linda Hutton



















Wilfred was born in New Whittington but he spent most of his life living in Cudworth, he attended school there and married there.  He is thus remembered on the towns war memorial.  

He was also remembered twice in the Barnsley Chronicle; his wound was reported on 22nd July 1916 and his death and photograph appeared in the 12th August 1916 edition.

The lives and stories of the men of Barnsley who served during World War 1 are being researched and remembered by a group named Barnsley War Memorials.  The work they do can be viewed by clicking here.

Wilfred is also remembered on the Cudworth Park Somme Memorial which can be seen here.

Special thanks to Linda Hutton for her help with this post, Linda provided me with the photographs above and also copies of the two newspaper articles.  Thank you Linda for your assistance and agreement for use of the photos on my blog to remember Wilfred Kirk.

Linda also writes a blog and this can be accessed by clicking here.


*****

If you may be connected to this family or have any further information on Wilfred Kirk or his family please do either leave comments via the pen icon below or drop me an email.

I hope that I have not given details of living persons, if so please advise and I will remove immediately.

Please note all information has been taken from online indexes and sources.  Due to the sheer numbers of people to be researched I am unable to purchase vital event certificates to confirm my research.

*****
Ref and further reading  -
Census
Parish registers
Medal rolls
Soldiers who died in the Great war
Register of soldiers effects
Service record - www.ancestry.co.uk

Newspaper articles - Barnsley Chronicle


War diaries - Piece 2365/2 13th York & Lancaster Regiment March 1916-Feb 1918




Lives of the First World War community https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/community/1353


Barnsley War Memorials Project http://www.barnsleywarmemorials.org.uk/





Wednesday, 27 July 2016

JOSEPH BOOTH

JOSEPH BOOTH


Private E/1573

Royal Fusiliers, 17th Battalion City of London Battalion

Killed in action - 27th July 1916


Known as Joe, Private Joseph Booth was the son of Herbert and Mary Booth.  Joe had an elder half brother named William and a full sister named Florence when he was born in the summer of 1895.

Joe's mother Mary was born in Netherton, Leicestershire, she had married Abel Hardy in 1887 but sadly Abel died the following year leaving Mary with a young baby son to bring up.  Mary was living in Wigan, Lancashire where she remained for a few more years.  In 1891 she was living with the Holland family, she had a job as a dressmaker and young William was just 3 years old.

A couple of years later in 1893 Mary married Herbert Booth in Chesterfield.  They soon started their own family with the birth of baby Florence in 1894.

The Booth family....

By 1901 Joe had two more sisters; Ethel and May.  The Booth family were living at 64 High Street, New Whittington.  Joe's Aunt Rosannah and Uncle Mark Garratt were also living with the Booth family at the time.  Herbert, Joe's father was born in Heanor, he most likely moved to the area for the employment in the coal mines.

1911, the eve of war....

The 1911 census finds Joe and his family had moved a short distance to live at number 130 High Street, still in New Whittington.  Joe was aged 15 years old by now and was employed as a coal miner along with his father Herbert.  Florence was 17 years old and worked as a dressmaker, no doubt taught the tricks of the trade by her mother Mary.

The past decade had seen happy and sad times in the Booth household; two new children were born, Herbert and Frank but sadly May had died in 1905 aged just 4 years old.

Joe's half brother William had married Nellie Neale in 1908, that same year the couple had their first child; a daughter named May.  In 1911 they bore a son named Harold.  They were living at 14 Back Lane, South Street in New Whittington at this time.

Joe's war....

Joe's service records have not survived but his medal card states that he entered the field of war on 17th November 1915.  His obituary tells that Joe joined up with the Royal Fusiliers in January 1915 and undertook his basic training, leaving from Salisbury Plain to join the British Expeditionary Force in November 1915.  They left from Folkestone on 16th November to arrive in Boulogne and moved on to the rest camp at Ostrohove.

Joe, Private E/1573 was to serve with the 17th Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers Regiment , also known as the City of London Regiment, the 17th Battalion had formed on 31st August 1914.  Just after Joe had arrived in France with his battalion they became part of the 5th Brigade, 2nd Division.  

The first weeks of January 1916 were spent in billets at Norrent Fontes, a fairly restful time in comparison to many other battalions.  By the end of January Joe would have witnessed his first enemy fire, as they were shelled "intermittently".  The following months would be made up of moving from billets to trenches in different locations, working parties sent out at night, digging and repairing trenches.  Joe would be bombarded by enemy whizzbangs, mortar bombs and shells on a regular basis.

At the beginning of July 1916 the 17th Battalion were in trenches at Villers Aux Bois.  They moved in and out of trenches and billets and in the early hours of 26th July they found themselves in Delville Wood being heavily bombed by the enemy for 15 minutes.  They were forced to move to the area known as Longueval Alley.  The war diary goes on to say they were "shelled all day with shrapnel.  casualties 3 O.R killed, 12 O.R wounded".    The enemy bombardment lasted all day and included gas shells later on in the day, one ordinary rank soldier was gassed.

On 27th July the bombardment continued, at 7.10am the attack on Delville Wood commenced by the 99th Brigade.  "Longueval Alley heavily shelled, all communication with the wood broken".  That afternoon a messenger arrived with news that it was suspected that the Germans were getting "thin in the right flank". The "A" and "B" Coys moved up into Delville Wood around 2pm that afternoon.  

The war diary continues "Shelling of Longueval Alley continued all day....Casualties Lt Robinson wounded, Captain Parsons wounded, Capt. Knocker wounded, 2/lt Penny killed, Lt Fletcher killed, O.R 16 killed, 90 wounded, 7 missing".  The next 3/4 days of July followed in the same vain, the 17th Battalion put up a fight in Delville Wood, they moved on to attack at Guillemont on 30th.  Many more casualties and deaths were sustained.

Joe was killed in action on 27th July 1916, he is one of 127 Royal Fusilliers killed on that day and remembered on the Thiepval Memorial.




Private E/1573 Joseph Booth is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial in France.  His name can be found on the panels Pier & Face 8, C9A + 16A.



Joe was awarded the British War Medal, Victory Medal and 15 Star for his service.

Joe had his obituary written in the Derbyshire Times issue dated 12th August 1916, page 4.  It reads....


"Another Whittington soldier to fall is
Pvte. Joe Booth, who formerly resided with 
his parents in High Street, New Whittington.  

He was only 21 years of age, and joined the Royal Fusiliers in 
January of last year.  He was trained at several places, 
the last being at Salisbury Plain before being sent 
to France in November last.  

In a letter to the parents Major McKenzie says;
"i very much regret that your son was killed in action,
charging the enemy on July 27th.  He was a very
gallant soldier, and I wish to express to you my 
deepest sympathy in your loss as I am proud to
have commanded men like your son".

From information through another source Booth, it appears,
was hit by shrapnel in the chest and lived only a few minutes.

Before enlisting he worked at the Glapwell Colliery"


Life went on....

Herbert & Mary Booth remained in New Whittington.  Herbert died in 1931 aged 60 years old.  Mary lived on until 1949 when she died aged 82 years old.

William Hardy and his wife Nellie suffered the loss of their second child Harold in 1912 when aged only 1 year old he died.  They had at least one other child, a son named Eric in 1913.  

In 1939 the William and Nellie were living at The Beeches, Swallownest, Yorkshire.  William was employed as a colliery deputy.

Florence Booth married Charles Asher in 1913.  Charles was from Codnor in Nottinghamshire, he worked as a stallman in the coal mines. They had a son named Charles on 22nd November 1913.  In 1915 the couple also lost a baby, another female child named once again May (after Florence's deceased sister maybe?).  

On 25th May 1916 Florence named her newest arrival, a baby boy after his Uncle; Joseph.  Little did they know that only two months later fate would take away brave Uncle Joe.  A few years on in 1918 a daughter was born and named once again as May.  

In 1931 Florence and Charles became parents once more, a son named Herbert was born.  Sadly Herbert died in 1939 aged just 7 years old.  He had been admitted to Langwith Isolation Hospital suffering from Scarlett Fever.  

A son named Robert in 1921, daughter named Doreen in 1923 and another daughter named Winifred in 1935 may also be children of Florence and Charles but I have not confirmed these with the relevant birth certificate. 

Florence died on 17th March 1951, her address at the time was 13 Barrow Street, Lowgates, Staveley near Chesterfield.  Her probate entry shows her executors were; her brother Frank Booth who worked as a schoolmaster and her son Charles who was an omnibus driver.  Her effects came to £2090 13s 9d.  Her husband Charles died in 1965.

Ethel Booth I have not confirmed any marriage for Ethel.  If anyone can add to Ethel's story please do let me know.

Herbert Booth left school and found employment on the railways.  He worked as a fireman at the London, Midland & Scottish Railways locomotion sheds.  He had been employed their for six years when in April of 1924 he became ill with pneumonia.  Herbert suffered with the illness for only six days but sadly he lost his fight and passed away.  He was only 22 years old.

His obituary can be found in the Derbyshire Times 19th April 1924 page 7, which tells how he was a member of the Social Institute and Comrades Institute at New Whittington.  He was buried at St Bartholomew's Church in the village.

Frank Booth studied hard and qualified as a school teacher.  His first post was in 1926 when he would be aged around 19 years old.  In 1939 Frank was living with his mother Mary at 122 High Street, New Whittington.  Whether Frank married or when he died I have not confirmed at this time.


*****

If you may be connected to this family or have any further information on Joe Booth or his family please do either leave comments via the pen icon below or drop me an email.

I hope that I have not given details of living persons, if so please advise and I will remove immediately.

Please note all information has been taken from online indexes and sources.  Due to the sheer numbers of people to be researched I am unable to purchase vital event certificates to confirm my research.

*****


Ref and further reading  -
Census
Parish registers
Medal rolls
Soldiers who died in the Great war
Register of soldiers effects

Newspaper articles - Derbyshire Times

CWGC  http://www.cwgc.org

War diaries - Piece 1350/2 17th Battalion Royal Fusilliers November 1915 - January 1918


The book "The Royal Fusilliers in the Great War" by C O'Neil can be read on the Internet Archive via the following link https://archive.org/stream/royalfusiliersin00onei/royalfusiliersin00onei_djvu.txt



Friday, 22 July 2016

WALTER MUSGROVE

WALTER MUSGROVE


Private 1380

1st Battalion Australian Infantry Brigade

Missing presumed dead - 22nd to 25th July 1916


Walter Musgrove was the brother of a soldier already remembered on this blog; Frederick William Musgrove. Frederick lost his life in the early days of WW1 on 31st October 1914.  His story can be read here.

Walter and Frederick were sons of a well-known member of the Staveley and New Whittington communities. Their father was Inspector Jonas Musgrove. Walter was the youngest child, born in the summer of 1892 he was baptised at New Whittington on 6th July that same year. Walter had three elder brother's named George Henry, Frederick and John and five elder sisters; Marian, Emily, Harriett, Gertrude and Agnes.  The Musgrove household would be a noisy one; the terraced cottages on Speedwell Terrace were stone built properties with stone flagstone floors.

The Musgrove family....

Jonas Musgrove was born around 1847 in Selby, Yorkshire, Emily Wells was born around 1851 in North Anston, South Yorkshire.  The couple married in autumn of 1869 in Worksop, Nottinghamshire.

By 1891 the Musgrove family have moved home to Chesterfield Road, Staveley.  They have two new editions to the family; Lillian aged 3 years old and baby John Wells aged just 11 months. 

It is evident from the places of birth of Walter and his siblings that the Musgrove family moved around the area, most likely in relation to Jonas' career progression -

*George Henry, Marian, Emily and Harriett born Beighton
*Gertrude born Belper
*Agnes born Mackworth
*Fred, Lillian and John born Staveley
*Walter born in New Whittington in 1892.


Like many families at that time the Musgrove family was a large one. Walter's eldest sister left home and married John William Rodgers at St John's Church, Staveley on 16th December 1891.  Marian and John Rodgers were also proud parents in 1892 when they bore a daughter named Alberta Emily.  She was Walter's niece even though they were born in the same year.

A few years later, on 1st March 1894 Emily Musgrove another of Walter's elder sisters also married.  She wed a mechanical engineer named Ben Jackson Marson at St John's Parish Church, Staveley. 

Next to tie the knot was Walter's eldest brother George Henry on 11th July 1894.  He married Ann Jacques at St John's Parish Church, Staveley.  Jonas and Emily would be celebrating the marriage of their grown up children George Henry and Emily whilst nursing their youngest son Walter who was still a toddler. 

1895 Bulmers History www.ancestry.co.uk
At some time in between 1891 and 1895 Jonas was promoted to Inspector of Derbyshire Police.  The family would be well known and respected by the locals of the area.  The Bulmers History, Topography and Directory records Jonas Musgrove under the Staveley area as County Police Inspector in 1895.

By the 1901 census the lives of the Musgrove family had taken a different pathway, the family were living at 112 High Street, New Whittington.  Jonas was no longer described on the census as a police inspector, he had changed his employment to become a licensed victualler. Walter was just 8 years of age and would attend the local school, Fred was 16 years old by now and as did many of the local men he was working as a coal miner.  

Harriett his sister had married George Buck on 12th September 1900 at Whittington.  George was a young police constable from Cannington in Somerset.  On the night of the 1901 census Emily was staying with Harriett and George at their home in Alfreton, Derbyshire. 

Life was settled in the years of the decade of 1900, Walter's siblings George, Marian, Emily and Harriett gave him more nieces and nephews.  Sad news came in 1902 when the youngest daughter of George died aged only 2 years old.  She was named Marian Zylpha taking the Christian name of her Aunty Marian. 

Agnes Musgrove another of Walter's sisters married Edward Hosey in 1903.  The couple had their first child a daughter named Emily after her Grandmother in 1907. 

Walter and his two siblings continued their studies; Lillian May and John Wells were both studying to qualify as teachers during this time.  

This close family was to have a terrible loss in 1905 when Fred's mother Emily sadly died.  She was aged only 54 years old.  From the story so far it would appear that Emily was a treasured mother who was always on hand to help her growing family when needed. 

Tragic news followed....




Hull Daily Mail 29th November 1907 page 3
www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk

The sad news of the death of prominent figure Jonas Musgrove was reported in the Hull Daily Mail and the local newspaper the Derbyshire Times (30th November 1907 p8).  Jonas died on 28th November 1907 whilst visiting his sister Mrs T Upton at his birth town of Selby.  It appears that whilst he was there it was the annual festivities associated with the hiring fair of Martinmas. On the Monday he went along to the fair on Wide Street and partook in the entertainment enjoying a ride on the round-about.  Jonas must have lost his grip as the Derbyshire Times records...

"while the machine was in motion he seems to have dropped off one of the "cockerels" and falling, a large fracture of the skull was the consequence.  He was picked up by relatives and conveyed into Millgate, where he lost consciousness, and death ensued at noon on Thursday"

Probate entry for Jonas Musgrove www.ancestry.co.uk

Jonas was returned to New Whittington and was buried on 1st December 1907 at St Bartholomews Church.  He was aged 61 years old.  He left effects of £1184 11s 2d.  His eldest son George was the executor of his will. 

Life after Emily and Jonas....

The 1911 census finds the Musgrove family separated now that their parents had passed away. 

Walter and Lillian May had moved along with their elder sister Gertrude to live at 95 Handley Road, New Whittington.  Walter aged 18 years old had found employment in a confectioners shop, working as a sales assistant.

Eldest boy George Henry had now taken over the running of the George & Dragon public house on Church Lane in the centre of Chesterfield.  May be he used his inheritance to buy his dream? 

Marian was living with her family not far away from Fred at Lowgates, Staveley.  She has four children now; Alberta Emily, Ida Emily Winifred, Wilfred Eric John and Marjorie Musgrove Rodgers. 

Emily is living in Barrow Hill which is the next village to Staveley.  She has two children; Emily and Roy.

Harriett and her police sergeant husband George Buck have been posted at Stoney Middleton on the edge of the Peak District.  The couple have two daughters; Edith Emily and Ella Musgrove. 

Agnes and Edward Hosey were running the Dusty Miller Inn at New Whittington.  They had three children named; Emily, John and Edward but sadly had lost two sons; John at 6 months of age, Edward under 1 month of age. 

Fred was living in Staveley lodging with Zilpha Willis and her son John Henry at 36 Lowgates.  He is aged 26 years old and has never married.  

John Wells the baby of the family was now 20 years old and had left New Whittington to study at York Training College.  He was a student teacher residing at Lord Mayors Walk, York.  The college was a teacher training college for men only.

Adventure beckons for Walter....


Passenger lists Orvieto www.ancestry.co.uk
1914 brought opportunity and a great adventure for two of the Musgrove family.  Lillian May and Walter set of on the journey of a life time.  They travelled down to London and boarded the Orvieto ship on 13th March 1914 destined for Australia.

Lillian May had qualified as a teacher, Walter was a miner.  They travelled with Walter's friend George Huckle.  A whole new life awaited these young travellers..... If only the Great War had not reared its ugly head.

Back in blighty and Gertrude Mary Musgrove had her own reasons to celebrate in 1914, she married Sydney Vowles. 

Walter's war....

Walter arrived in Australia full of adventure, when the outbreak of WW1 was announced he was in the north of the island with George Huckle.  The pair made their way walking over 400 miles through a terrible sandstorm and enlisted to fight for their King and Country. The weather was so bad that the pair had to be rescued; a newspaper article (Derbyshire Times 12th August 1916, p4) tells "On the way down both were within an ace of losing their lives as they encountered a fierce sandstorm, and were with difficulty rescued"

Walter enlisted on 23rd November 1916 at Liverpool, New South Wales. He returned the next day to sign all the paperwork and receive his medical.  He was a successful applicant and so was now a serving soldier with the 1st Battalion Australian Infantry Brigade, Private 1380.

Walter's service records describe him as being of fair complexion with grey eyes, he was 5ft 8" tall and aged 22 years and 6 months.  Prior to enlisting Walter had been employed as a grocers assistant.

Off to the front....

Walter arrived in Gallipoli in the early days of May 1915.  His service records show that he was not medically fit and on 22nd November 1915 he was admitted to hospital with pyrexia (high temperature) meaning Walter most likely had fever symptoms.  The next day Walter was transferred to a hospital ship and taken to Malta, where on 29th November he was admitted to Cottonera Military Hospital for further investigations.  The hospital was so full up by the end of 1915 that tents had been erected in the grounds to cater for the hundreds of wounded troops coming to them from the Gallipoli and Salonika campaigns.

On 8th December 1915 Walter was transferred once more to All Saints Convalescent Camp.  The camp was as its name suggests a convalescent home, it was a tented establishment which housed well over 1000 men at any one time.  He remained at the camp until 20th December 1916 when he embarked for Alexandria.  He arrived six days later on 26th December and joined his unit at Tel-El-Kebir on 30th December 1915.

Just over two weeks later on 15th January 1916 Walter was again hospitalised, described as "N.Y.D" not yet diagnosed.  He was admitted to the casualty clearing station at Tel-El-Kebir and then moved on to the General Hospital at Gezirah.  This hospital was in fact an Egyptian Royal Palace which was used as a military hospital by the Australian Forces during WW1.  Once again, due to such high numbers of casualties arriving from Gallipoli tents were placed in the grounds.  A fabulous photo of the tents at Gezirah can be viewed here

Walters stay at the Palace was brief and on 18th January he was discharged to "overseas base".  It is not clear where Walter went at this point but on 28th January he was to proceed to re-join his unit.  Nearly a month later on 20th February 1916 he arrived at his unit once more at Tel-El-Kebir.  




Off to join the British Expeditionary Force....

Walter and his comrades embarked at Alexandria on 22nd March 1916, they arrived at Marseilles, France on 28th March 1916.  The Australian Infantry Brigade would be ready to play its part in the great Somme offensive when it came.

As we know the first day of the Battle of Albert, the Somme offensive was on 1st July 1916.  A day when more than 19,000 men were killed. The 1st Battalion Australian Infantry were at Fleurbaix awaiting orders to carry out a gas attack, which had again been cancelled due to "the unfavourable wind direction".  The men were relieved on 4th July and returned to their billets just north of Sailly.

On 8th July orders were given to move on to Outtersteene the next day, this was where the Anzac headquarters where based.  The battalion arrived there the next day but Walter was still unwell, once again suffering with pyrexia he was admitted to hospital on 9th July 1916, transferred to the Division Rest Station on 11th July.  The hospitals and casualty clearing stations in the area would be full to bursting at this time. Walter would find himself within a chaotic and desperate scene, witnessing the horrors of the Somme casualty clearing stations must have been a terrible sight for poor Walter.

On 15th July Walter was discharged and returned to duty.  The numbers of infantry had been totally decimated, man power was needed urgently, Walter would be needed to make up the numbers, even if he was unfit to do so.  When he caught up with his comrades, they were worn out from the miles of marching they had undertaken over the past days. The war diary makes specific comments about the type of boot the men were wearing, which were too heavy for marching and more suited to trench work.  They had been resting in a stable which had not been cleaned out since the horses had been removed, however the men were soldiering on despite such terrible conditions.

The men were being moved each day, when they were not marching they were receiving training in "rapid movement" in anticipation for a coming assault they were to be part of.  On 18th July they were given an outline of the coming assault "tomorrow the 19th, the 1st & 3rd Bdes go into the line".

The Battle of Fromelles....

On 19th July 1916 the Australian Armies were part of the ill-fated and devastating attack known as the Battle of Fromelles. The attack was quickly set up, with soldiers who had seen little action in trench warfare.  The plan was to divert the German armies from the Somme, where the allies were struggling with their own battle front.  

At 16.15pm on 19th July the 1st Battalion marched to Albert where they received their orders; they would relieve the 13th Battalion Durham Light Infantry in the trenches at 20.00 hours.  The day of the 20th July was spent digging further trenches to accommodate the large numbers of troops. 

A conference was carried out at La Boiselle which gave further details of 1st Battalions part in the attack; they were to attack Pozieres, the offensive would be carried out on the night of 21st July/22nd July.

22nd - to 25th July 1916....

The Commonwealth War Grave Commission (CWGC) gives the official date of death for Walter as sometime in between 22-25th July 1916.  Walter lost his life whilst the 1st Battalion were fighting at the Battle of Poziers Ridge.

The war diary tells how their communication wires were cut early on into the battle, this would make the action even more difficult and they note how they used "runners" and "pigeons were also used during daylight proved to be most effective".  However, despite this the Australian 1st Battalion were able to capture Pozieres village within one hour of commencement of the attack.  The ridge would prove much more difficult to take and it wasn't until 4th August 1916 that the battle was finally won.

The 1st Battalion gave their numbers as; 27 Officers and 990 Other ranks on 15th July 1916.  After the days of the 22nd to 25th July they record the following figures in the war diary;


"Officers - Killed 7, Wounded 6, Died of wounds 2
Other Ranks - Killed 92, Wounded 378, Missing 52"






Walter is buried at the Gordon Dump Cemetery, France.  His grave reference number is 1 B 45.  His grave shows the sign of the cross, with no other comments added by his family. 

Private 1380 Walter Musgrove was awarded the British War Medal, Victory Medal and 15 Star for his service.

The Derbyshire Times article tells how "After his training he was sent to the Dardanelles, and later Egypt and Malta.  Since going to France in April this year he had seen much fighting"  It goes on to state "It appears he was killed almost instantly by a shell just as a charge was being made in the fighting at Pozieres on or about the 30th July".  (Note again the difference in the date of death given).

Walter gave his next of kin as his brother Harry.  On 15th January 1917 the Australian Imperial Force wrote him the following letter....

"Dear Sir,

With reference to the report of the regrettable loss of your brother, the late No 1380 (1591) Private W Musgrove, 1st Battalion.  I am now in receipt of advice which shows that he was killed in France, between 22nd and 25th July 1916, and was buried at Gordon Dump, France, the Rev R A Harries officiating.

These additional details are furnished by direction, it being the policy of the department to forward all information received in connection with deaths of members of the Australian Imperial Force.

Yours faithfully,

Major J M Lean"

Harry received Walters possessions after his death, which consisted of; "identity disc, scissors, pipe, tobacco pouch, metal ring (damaged), 7 coins, 5 badges, 4 numerals, handkerchief, 2 charms"

Life went on....

The Musgrove family continued as best they could, each had taken a different path and with it came its own joys and sadness. 

George Henry Musgrove may have died in 1936 aged 65 years old.

Marian Annie lived through WW1 and died in 1933.  Her own son Wilfred Eric John Rodgers enlisted with the South Staffordshire Regiment on 22nd June 1918.  He was 18 years and 4 months old.  We can only imagine how Marian would feel having to chance losing her own son as she had her brother.  Wilfred survived and married Annie Laming in 1928.  He died in 1986 aged 86 years old.




Marian applied for her brother Frederick's 1914 Star medal in 1919.

Emily died in 1933.

Harriett may have died in Cleethorpes in 1958 but this would need to be confirmed.

Gertrude Mary spent the war years alone, whilst her new husband Sydney served with the Army Ordnance Corps from 8th December 1915 till his demobilisation on 20th March 1917.  They had at least one daughter; Mary Vowles was born in 1917.  After marriage Gertrude remained living on Handley Road until her death on 27th October 1952.  She had frequent visits from her younger brother John Wells and his family during this time. 

Agnes Ellen died in 1938, her husband Edward Hosey predeceased her in 1935.

Fred served with the 2nd Battalion Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry and lost his life on 31st October 1914.  

Lillian May arrived in Australia on 23rd April 1914 she wasted no time at all and married her sweetheart Samuel Huckle on 25th April 1914.  Samuel was a local lad born in New Whittington.  Lillian would most likely have grown up with him.  When she travelled out to Australia she was chaperoned by her own brother Walter and George Huckle.  George was the younger brother of Samuel. 

1943 Electoral Roll www.ancestry.co.uk

Lillian and Samuel lived at 59 Margate Street, Kogarah, New South Wales.  In the May of 1917 Lilian wrote to the Australian Imperial Force, her love of her home village was evident in her address; "Whittington", Margate Street, Kogarah.

The 1943 electoral roll above shows that the two Huckle brothers remained close; Samuel and Lillian lived at number 59 and George and his wife Lucy lived at number 57. 

Lillian and Samuel had one daughter named Dorothy Musgrove Huckle.  George and Lucy had a son Ronald Huckle.  Lillian died in 1968, Samuel in 1973.  I will tell more of this story in the blog post for Walter Musgrove.

In 1911 John Wells was studying hard at teacher training college in York.  At the outbreak of WW1 he joined his fellow students and enlisted with the Old Boys Public School Regiment.  He joined at Manchester on 5th September 1914.  John was discharged on 21st June 1915 as medically unfit. 

Derbyshire Times 26th May 1944 p8

Life was an adventure for John as it was for Lillian and Walter.  John travelled as soon as the tensions of WW1 had settled; on 26th September 1919 he left London for Cape Town where her lived until his death on 18th May 1944. 

Despite the miles he did return to New Whittington on at least two occasions; he arrived in July 1925 with his wife Ethel and his 1 year old son John.  They stayed at his sister Gertrude's home at 95 Handley Road and are listed on the return journey as leaving Southampton on 11th December 1925 destined for Cape Town.  John travelled alone when his name appears on the passenger lists from London to Durban leaving on 18th November 1938.  He once again had stayed with his sister Gertrude in her new abode at 72 Handley Road, New Whittington. 

Staveley Memorial....

Walter and Frederick Musgrove are not only remembered on the St Barnabas Memorial; their names also appear on the Staveley Memorial.






















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If you may be connected to this family or have any further information on Walter Musgrove or his family please do either leave comments via the pen icon below or drop me an email.

I hope that I have not given details of living persons, if so please advise and I will remove immediately.

Please note all information has been taken from online indexes and sources.  Due to the sheer numbers of people to be researched I am unable to purchase vital event certificates to confirm my research.


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Ref and further reading  -
Census
Parish registers
Medal rolls
Soldiers who died in the Great war
Register of soldiers effects

Newspaper articles - Derbyshire Times 12th August 1916 page 4

CWGC  http://www.cwgc.org

War diaries - ref AWM 4 23/1/12 July 1916 via https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/digitised-records/

Australian WW1 service records can be found online at http://www.naa.gov.au/collection/explore/defence/service-records/army-wwi.aspx

Walters service record ref number B2455 at the above website.

Battle of Fromelles -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fromelles

Cottonera Miltary Hospital, Malta - http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20140622/life-features/Cottonera-Hospital-and-Malta-as-the-Nurse-of-the-Mediterranean-.524854

All Saints Convalescent Camp - http://malta.embassy.gov.au/files/mlta/02%20ANZAC%20experience%20-%20Healing.pdf

Photo of Gezirah General Hospital http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-141322278/view